Starting from the ancient times until now, the representation of the human body has always been of interest for those artists. Regardless of the prevailing bias towards abstraction from the twentieth century, the fascination that inspires the human body has not fallen at all and the nude remains, a central place in modern art. Over time, the representation of the human body has played different roles in various societies. No Doubt the scientific study of the naked and the body about human body is essentially an innovation of the Renaissance. However, we have to consider that, without an acute sense of observation the ancient artists would not have been able to represent eloquently figures like running or hunting.
For them it was the purpose that was significant, like the magic power over the dam, which ordered the style of representing an antelope with a spear, this could lead to his chase. The famous Venus of Willendorf is a chubby woman with voluminous breasts as a sign of fertility. From the exotic art of the Las India’s or exaggerated at the breasts and hips. The artwork comes as the tension between the organic part of things which can be recorded on the retina and the requirements of a culture influences, together with emotions and feelings of the artist, and frequently manifests itself as a complicated mixture of these three components. In ancient societies private tendencies of every artist were less obvious, and perhaps it was not from the Renaissance period once the artist became increasingly significant. We confront a history of changing thoughts and needs.
In Ancient Egypt the artists were enforced strict rules for the representation of their human body, the description of daily life and the journey to death and the afterlife. However, his art could not work if not based on conservation, their characters show were making the most of every one of its components and out of its characteristic angle and head in profile together with the whole face, torso and shoulders in front, and stomach, legs and feet . Greek Art selects an ideal of beauty far more naturalistic, based on solid understanding of the human body, even though it is still really the perfect, how it is formalized. At this time, and after the Romans when launching appropriate archetypes e.g. the Capitoline Venus and the Three Graces, that appear recurrently throughout history artwork. The artistic expressions of the Romans and the Etruscans, in addition to the frescoes of Pompeii, are evidence of a perfect mastery of space and form.
For much of the Middle age, the capacity of monitoring is as if asleep, while the pictorial narrative flourish to the orders of the church. The drawing figures for artists were transcendent and hierarchical. Later at the end of the period arose from Gothic works enormously expressive and meaningful and the figure began to be treated differently, which would resurface in the twentieth century expressionist art. With The growth of humanism and popular awakening of earthly life, together with the reverence that inspired human beings by nature and with the resurgence of scientific interest for the man and his surroundings, we arrive in rebirth. We move from the Shape and monumental space Giotto and Masaccio through Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The terrific spiritual themes of the Crucifixion and the Descent from the Cross, which brings humanity to glorify Christ died, become more realistic.